When it comes to the three Rs of recycling, (reducing, reusing, recycling) reducing is the most important one. About 40% of all the waste materials are organic including food scraps like meat, fruits, vegetables and food scrapings as well as food soiled papers like napkins, paper towels and pizza boxes. Yard trimmings like leaves, grass clippings and plants are also a part of organic waste. All these materials can be repurposed and recycled to do something more productive than just fill the landfill. Apart from the fact that this type of waste can be useful, it can be extremely dangerous to the environment as well as to the people if left to rot.
Disposing off waste usually has huge impacts on the environment, causing serious problems in the process. When organic waste is buried in landfills, it rots, resulting to bad smells and in other cases a dangerous gas known as methane. This gas cannot only explode; it contributes significantly to the green house effects. In addition to this, Leachate, which is produces as waste decomposed, causes pollution and when it comes to badly managed landfill, there is no preventing vermin and littering.
Incinerating waste can also cause numerous problems because waste materials like plastics release toxins such as dioxins. Incineration also causes gases that cause air pollution and aid in acid rain. The ash left after that might contain different toxins as well as heavy metals. For these reasons, a lot of people are against incineration.
Most of the materials that end up being waste have toxins and after some time, these toxins leach in the soil as well as underground water becoming environmental hazards that could carry on for years. In addition to this, when organic waste is compacted in landfills, it breaks sown due to the fact that there is no oxygen. This is why the toxic gases are produced like the green house gas, which is 21 times more toxic than carbon dioxide is. The implications of climate changes and global warming are extremely enormous. Apart from, this, garbage in landfills break down so slowly that it is bound to create problems for future generations.
Composing all your organic waste is the solution to this problem. People should strive to compost their waste in bins and use the compost in their gardens to produce even better harvests.