Green buildings are buildings constructed with technologies and materials that are aimed at minimizing detrimental impacts on the environment. Examples if green buildings include:-
The benefits realized from the construction of green buildings can be placed in three categories. These categories are:-
The environmental benefits realized from green buildings are a result of the materials and technological innovations used in their construction. Since they are made mainly from recycled materials, green buildings help to lower demands for construction materials derived from the environment. Thus forests, land, rivers and coral reefs remain untouched by activities used for the acquisition of timber, stone, gravel, sand and cement for construction. Furthermore the use of solar or wind power, sunlight and natural air flows to cater for power needs, lighting and ventilation, lowers energy and heating demands made to the grid. The outcome is fewer rivers will be harnessed for hydroelectric power and fewer nuclear reactors will be commissioned for energy production.
Since green buildings rely on green power, natural lighting and ventilation, the buildings are therefore cheaper to run and maintain. This translates to considerable savings on utility bills for building owners and residents. Furthermore green buildings are eligible for considerable tax deductions which translate to greater returns on investment in the long run. Finally green building adds a greater value to the land on which they are constructed when compared to more typical buildings.
The architects and engineers involved in the designing and construction of green building gain greater recognition and are paid more for their services. Employees working in green building will exhibit greater productivity as a result of working in a more natural environment. This will lead to greater profits for the companies, better pay for the workers and a greater GDP for the nation as a whole.
The significantly low energy production costs made possible by the construction of green buildings will allow governments to spend more on the provision of social amenities and services. Members of society as a whole will therefore benefit from better health care services, better public recreational facilities, better physical infrastructure and lower taxation.
The innumerable benefits gained from green building are adequate reasons to continue constructing green building in the future.